Dental plaque is an accumulation of oral bacteria that grows on various surfaces in the mouth. Dental plaque formation is a normal process that occurs and cannot be prevented. It is usually seen as a clear to white deposit that commonly accumulates around the gum line of the teeth, but can cover most aspects of the tooth.
The build up of dental plaque can lead to gingivitis which is part of the bodies defence mechanism against bacteria. This is usually seen as bleeding gums.
Over time, without removal, plaque solidifies and adheres to the teeth and forms what is called calculus or tartar which can look dark brown or even black. Calculus further facilitates further plaque accumulation and the cycle perpetuates. This can lead to gum problems called periodontitis where the gums and the underlying bone are affected and can cause serious oral issues.
Plaque build up can also increase the risk of tooth decay through the bacteria forming acids by breaking down sugars consumed in food.
Daily brushing and flossing reduces plaque build up and can prevent gingivitis, periodontitis and decay.Tags: Dental Plaque, Oral Hygiene, Smile Hawthorn Posted by